$hide=mobile

[Shortlists & Solutions] Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad 2012

Algebra

  1. Let $a,b,c$ be positive real numbers such that $a+b+c=1$. Prove that \[\frac {a}{b} + \frac {a}{c} + \frac {c}{b} + \frac {c}{a} + \frac {b}{c} + \frac {b}{a} + 6 \geq 2\sqrt{2}\left (\sqrt{\frac{1-a}{a}} + \sqrt{\frac{1-b}{b}} + \sqrt{\frac{1-c}{c}}\right ).\] When does equality hold?
  2. Let $a$, $b$, $c$ be positive real numbers such that $abc=1$ . Show that \[\frac{1}{a^3+bc}+\frac{1}{b^3+ca}+\frac{1}{c^3+ab} \leq \frac{ \left (ab+bc+ca \right )^2 }{6}\]
  3. Let $a$, $b$, $c$ be positive real numbers such that $$a+b+c=a^2+b^2+c^2.$$ Prove that \[\frac{a^2}{a^2+ab}+\frac{b^2}{b^2+bc}+\frac{c^2}{c^2+ca} \geq \frac{a+b+c}{2}\]
  4. Solve the following equation for $x , y , z \in \mathbb{N}$ \[\left (1+ \frac{x}{y+z} \right )^2+\left (1+ \frac{y}{z+x} \right )^2+\left (1+ \frac{z}{x+y} \right )^2=\frac{27}{4}\]
  5. Find the largest positive integer $n$ for which the inequality \[ \frac{a+b+c}{abc+1}+\sqrt[n]{abc} \leq \frac{5}{2}\] holds true for all $a, b, c \in [0,1]$. Here we make the convention $\sqrt[1]{abc}=abc$.

Geometry

  1. Let $ABC$ be an equilateral triangle and $P$ be a point on the circumcircle of the triangle but distinct from $A$, $B$ and $C$. The lines through $P$ and parallel to $BC$, $CA$, $AB$ intersect the lines $CA$, $AB$, $BC$ at $M$, $N$ and $Q$ respectively. Prove that $M$, $N$ and $Q$ are collinear .
  2. Let $ABC$ be an isosceles triangle with $AB=AC$. Let also $\omega$ be a circle of center $K$ tangent to the line $AC$ at $C$ which intersects the segment $BC$ again at $H$. Prove that $HK \bot AB $.
  3. Let $AB$ and $CD$ be chords in a circle of center $O$ with $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$ distinct, and with the lines $AB$ and $CD$ meeting at a right angle at point $E$. Let also $M$ and $N$ be the midpoints of $AC$ and $BD$ respectively. Prove that if $MN \bot OE$ then $AD \parallel BC$.
  4. Let $ABC$ be an acute-angled triangle with circumcircle $\omega$, and let $O$, $H$ be the triangle's circumcenter and orthocenter respectively. Let also $A'$ be the point where the angle bisector of the angle $BAC$ meets $\omega$. Find the measure of the angle $BAC$ if $A'H=AH$.
  5. Let the circles $k_1$ and $k_2$ intersect at two points $A$ and $B$, and let $t$ be a common tangent of $k_1$ and $k_2$ that touches $k_1$ and $k_2$ at $M$ and $N$ respectively. If $t\perp AM$ and $MN=2AM$, evaluate the angle $NMB$.
  6. Let $O_1$ be a point in the exterior of the circle $\omega$ of center $O$ and radius $R$, and let $O_1N$, $O_1D$ be the tangent segments from $O_1$ to the circle. On the segment $O_1N$ consider the point $B$ such that $BN=R$. Let the line from $B$ parallel to $ON$ intersect the segment $O_1D$ at $C$. If $A$ is a point on the segment $O_1D$ other than $C$ so that $BC=BA=a$, and if the incircle of the triangle $ABC$ has radius $r$, then find the area of $\triangle ABC$ in terms of $a$, $R$, $r$.
  7. Let $MNPQ$ be a square of side length $1$, and $A$, $B$, $C$, $D$ points on the sides $MN$, $NP$, $PQ$ and $QM$ respectively such that $AC \cdot BD=\dfrac{5}{4}$. Can the set $ \{AB , BC , CD , DA \}$ be partitioned into two subsets $S_1$ and $S_2$ of two elements each so that each one has the sum of his elements a positive integer?.

Combinatorics

  1. Along a round table are arranged $11$ cards with the names ( all distinct ) of the $11$ members of the $16^{th}$ JBMO Problem Selection Committee. The cards are arranged in a regular polygon manner. Assume that in the first meeting of the Committee none of its $11$ members sits in front of the card with his name. Is it possible to rotate the table by some angle so that at the end at least two members sit in front of the card with their names?.
  2. On a board there are $n$ nails, each two connected by a rope. Each rope is colored in one of $n$ given distinct colors. For each three distinct colors, there exist three nails connected with ropes of these three colors. a) Can $n$ be $6$?. b) Can $n$ be $7$?.
  3. In a circle of diameter $1$ consider $65$ points, no three of them collinear. Prove that there exist three among these points which are the vertices of a triangle with area less than or equal to $\dfrac{1}{72}$.

Number Theory

  1. let $a$, $b$ be integers and $$s=a^3+b^3-60ab(a+b)\geq 2012.$$ Find the least possible value of $s$.
  2. Do there exist prime numbers $p$ and $q$ such that $$p^2(p^3-1)=q(q+1)$$
  3. Decipher the equality \[(\overline{VER}-\overline{IA})=G^{R^E} (\overline {GRE}+\overline{ECE}) \] assuming that the number $\overline {GREECE}$ has a maximum value. Each letter corresponds to a unique digit from $0$ to $9$ and different letters correspond to different digits. It's also supposed that all the letters $G$, $E$, $V$ and $I$ are different from $0$.
  4. Determine all triples $(m , n , p)$ satisfying \[n^{2p}=m^2+n^2+p+1\] where $m$ and $n$ are integers and $p$ is a prime number.
  5. Find all positive integers $x,y,z$ and $t$ such that $$2^x3^y+5^z=7^t.$$
  6. Let $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$ be integers and $$\begin{align*}A&=2(a-2b+c)^4+2(b-2c+a)^4+2(c-2a+b)^4,\\ B&=d(d+1)(d+2)(d+3)+1.\end{align*}$$ Prove that $\left (\sqrt{A}+1 \right )^2 +B$ cannot be a perfect square.
  7. Find all $a , b , c \in \mathbb{N}$ for which \[1997^a+15^b=2012^c\]

Post a Comment


$hide=home

$hide=mobile$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

$show=mobile$type=complex$c=6$spa=0$t=oot$h=1$sn=0$rm=0$m=0$l=0$src=random$sn=0

$hide=post$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

Kỷ Yếu$cl=violet$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

Journals$cl=green$type=three$count=6$sr=random$t=oot$h=1$l=0$meta=hide$rm=hide$sn=0

Name

Ả-rập Xê-út,1,Abel,5,Albania,2,AMM,2,Amsterdam,5,Ấn Độ,1,An Giang,16,Andrew Wiles,1,Anh,2,Áo,1,APMO,19,Ba Đình,2,Ba Lan,1,Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,47,Bắc Giang,45,Bắc Kạn,1,Bạc Liêu,8,Bắc Ninh,43,Bắc Trung Bộ,8,Bài Toán Hay,5,Balkan,37,Baltic Way,30,BAMO,1,Bất Đẳng Thức,66,Bến Tre,43,Benelux,13,Bình Định,39,Bình Dương,19,Bình Phước,37,Bình Thuận,30,Birch,1,Booklet,11,Bosnia Herzegovina,3,BoxMath,3,Brazil,2,Bùi Đắc Hiên,1,Bùi Thị Thiện Mỹ,1,Bùi Văn Tuyên,1,Bùi Xuân Diệu,1,Bulgaria,5,Buôn Ma Thuột,1,BxMO,12,Cà Mau,12,Cần Thơ,13,Canada,39,Cao Bằng,6,Cao Quang Minh,1,Câu Chuyện Toán Học,36,Caucasus,2,CGMO,10,China,10,Chọn Đội Tuyển,308,Chu Tuấn Anh,1,Chuyên Đề,122,Chuyên Sư Phạm,30,Chuyên Trần Hưng Đạo,3,Collection,8,College Mathematic,1,Concours,1,Cono Sur,1,Contest,603,Correspondence,1,Cosmin Poahata,1,Crux,2,Czech-Polish-Slovak,25,Đà Nẵng,39,Đa Thức,2,Đại Số,20,Đắk Lắk,51,Đắk Nông,5,Đan Phượng,1,Danube,7,Đào Thái Hiệp,1,ĐBSCL,2,Đề Thi HSG,1500,Đề Thi JMO,1,Điện Biên,7,Định Lý,1,Định Lý Beaty,1,Đỗ Hữu Đức Thịnh,1,Do Thái,3,Doãn Quang Tiến,4,Đoàn Quỳnh,1,Đoàn Văn Trung,1,Đống Đa,4,Đồng Nai,46,Đồng Tháp,50,Du Hiền Vinh,1,Đức,1,Duyên Hải Bắc Bộ,25,E-Book,31,EGMO,16,ELMO,19,EMC,8,Epsilon,1,Estonian,5,Euler,1,Evan Chen,1,Fermat,3,Finland,4,Forum Of Geometry,2,Furstenberg,1,G. Polya,3,Gặp Gỡ Toán Học,25,Gauss,1,GDTX,3,Geometry,12,Gia Lai,24,Gia Viễn,2,Giải Tích Hàm,1,Giảng Võ,1,Giới hạn,2,Goldbach,1,Hà Giang,2,Hà Lan,1,Hà Nam,25,Hà Nội,220,Hà Tĩnh,66,Hà Trung Kiên,1,Hải Dương,46,Hải Phòng,40,Hàn Quốc,5,Hậu Giang,4,Hậu Lộc,1,Hilbert,1,Hình Học,32,HKUST,6,Hòa Bình,12,Hoài Nhơn,1,Hoàng Bá Minh,1,Hoàng Minh Quân,1,Hodge,1,Hojoo Lee,2,HOMC,5,HongKong,7,HSG 10,91,HSG 11,78,HSG 12,523,HSG 9,373,HSG Cấp Trường,76,HSG Quốc Gia,97,HSG Quốc Tế,16,Hứa Lâm Phong,1,Hùng Vương,2,Hưng Yên,28,Hương Sơn,1,Huỳnh Kim Linh,1,Hy Lạp,1,IMC,24,IMO,51,India,45,Inequality,13,InMC,1,International,303,Iran,11,Jakob,1,JBMO,41,Jewish,1,Journal,20,Junior,38,K2pi,1,Kazakhstan,1,Khánh Hòa,14,KHTN,49,Kiên Giang,61,Kim Liên,1,Kon Tum,17,Korea,5,Kvant,2,Kỷ Yếu,42,Lai Châu,4,Lâm Đồng,31,Lạng Sơn,18,Langlands,1,Lào Cai,11,Lê Hoành Phò,4,Lê Khánh Sỹ,3,Lê Minh Cường,1,Lê Phúc Lữ,1,Lê Phương,1,Lê Quý Đôn,1,Lê Viết Hải,1,Lê Việt Hưng,1,Leibniz,1,Long An,41,Lớp 10,10,Lớp 10 Chuyên,430,Lớp 10 Không Chuyên,218,Lớp 11,1,Lục Ngạn,1,Lượng giác,1,Lương Tài,1,Lưu Giang Nam,2,Lý Thánh Tông,1,Macedonian,1,Malaysia,1,Margulis,2,Mark Levi,1,Mathematical Excalibur,1,Mathematical Reflections,1,Mathematics Magazine,1,Mathematics Today,1,Mathley,1,MathProblems Journal,1,Mathscope,8,MathsVN,5,MathVN,1,MEMO,10,Metropolises,4,Mexico,1,MIC,1,Michael Guillen,1,Mochizuki,1,Moldova,1,Moscow,1,Mỹ,9,MYM,74,MYTS,4,Nam Định,30,Nam Phi,1,National,249,Nesbitt,1,Newton,4,Nghệ An,48,Ngô Bảo Châu,2,Ngô Việt Hải,1,Ngọc Huyền,2,Nguyễn Anh Tuyến,1,Nguyễn Bá Đang,1,Nguyễn Đình Thi,1,Nguyễn Đức Tấn,1,Nguyễn Đức Thắng,1,Nguyễn Duy Khương,1,Nguyễn Duy Tùng,1,Nguyễn Hữu Điển,3,Nguyễn Mình Hà,1,Nguyễn Minh Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Phan Tài Vương,1,Nguyễn Phú Khánh,1,Nguyễn Phúc Tăng,1,Nguyễn Quản Bá Hồng,1,Nguyễn Quang Sơn,1,Nguyễn Tài Chung,5,Nguyễn Tăng Vũ,1,Nguyễn Tất Thu,1,Nguyễn Thúc Vũ Hoàng,1,Nguyễn Trung Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Tuấn Anh,2,Nguyễn Văn Huyện,3,Nguyễn Văn Mậu,25,Nguyễn Văn Nho,1,Nguyễn Văn Quý,2,Nguyễn Văn Thông,1,Nguyễn Việt Anh,1,Nguyễn Vũ Lương,2,Nhật Bản,3,Nhóm $\LaTeX$,4,Nhóm Toán,1,Ninh Bình,38,Ninh Thuận,14,Nội Suy Lagrange,2,Nội Suy Newton,1,Nordic,19,Olympiad Corner,1,Olympiad Preliminary,2,Olympic 10,94,Olympic 10/3,3,Olympic 11,86,Olympic 12,28,Olympic 24/3,6,Olympic 27/4,19,Olympic 30/4,65,Olympic KHTN,6,Olympic Sinh Viên,73,Olympic Tháng 4,10,Olympic Toán,292,Olympic Toán Sơ Cấp,3,PAMO,1,Phạm Đình Đồng,1,Phạm Đức Tài,1,Phạm Huy Hoàng,1,Pham Kim Hung,3,Phạm Quốc Sang,2,Phan Huy Khải,1,Phan Thành Nam,1,Pháp,2,Philippines,8,Phú Thọ,26,Phú Yên,24,Phùng Hồ Hải,1,Phương Trình Hàm,10,Phương Trình Pythagoras,1,Pi,1,Polish,32,Problems,1,PT-HPT,14,PTNK,41,Putnam,25,Quảng Bình,39,Quảng Nam,28,Quảng Ngãi,31,Quảng Ninh,41,Quảng Trị,23,Riemann,1,RMM,12,RMO,24,Romania,36,Romanian Mathematical,1,Russia,1,Sách Thường Thức Toán,7,Sách Toán,68,Sách Toán Cao Học,1,Sách Toán THCS,7,Saudi Arabia,7,Scholze,1,Serbia,17,Sharygin,22,Shortlists,55,Simon Singh,1,Singapore,1,Số Học - Tổ Hợp,27,Sóc Trăng,27,Sơn La,11,Spain,8,Star Education,3,Stars of Mathematics,11,Swinnerton-Dyer,1,Talent Search,1,Tăng Hải Tuân,2,Tạp Chí,14,Tập San,4,Tây Ban Nha,1,Tây Ninh,25,Thạch Hà,1,Thái Bình,37,Thái Nguyên,33,Thái Vân,2,Thanh Hóa,54,THCS,2,Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ,5,Thomas J. Mildorf,1,THPT Chuyên Lê Quý Đôn,1,THPTQG,15,THTT,7,Thừa Thiên Huế,34,Tiền Giang,18,Tin Tức Toán Học,1,Titu Andreescu,2,Toán 12,7,Toán Cao Cấp,3,Toán Chuyên,2,Toán Rời Rạc,5,Toán Tuổi Thơ,3,Tôn Ngọc Minh Quân,2,TOT,1,TP Hồ Chí Minh,112,Trà Vinh,5,Trắc Nghiệm,1,Trắc Nghiệm Toán,2,Trại Hè,33,Trại Hè Hùng Vương,24,Trại Hè Phương Nam,5,Trần Đăng Phúc,1,Trần Minh Hiền,2,Trần Nam Dũng,9,Trần Phương,1,Trần Quang Hùng,1,Trần Quốc Anh,2,Trần Quốc Luật,1,Trần Quốc Nghĩa,1,Trần Tiến Tự,1,Trịnh Đào Chiến,2,Trung Quốc,12,Trường Đông,17,Trường Hè,7,Trường Thu,1,Trường Xuân,2,TST,55,Tuyên Quang,6,Tuyển Sinh,3,Tuyển Tập,44,Tuymaada,4,Undergraduate,64,USA,44,USAJMO,10,USATST,7,Uzbekistan,1,Vasile Cîrtoaje,4,Vật Lý,1,Viện Toán Học,1,Vietnam,4,Viktor Prasolov,1,VIMF,1,Vinh,26,Vĩnh Long,18,Vĩnh Phúc,58,Virginia Tech,1,VLTT,1,VMEO,4,VMF,12,VMO,42,VNTST,20,Võ Anh Khoa,1,Võ Quốc Bá Cẩn,25,Võ Thành Văn,1,Vojtěch Jarník,6,Vũ Hữu Bình,7,Vương Trung Dũng,1,WFNMC Journal,1,Wiles,1,Yên Bái,16,Yên Định,1,Yên Thành,1,Zhautykov,11,Zhou Yuan Zhe,1,
ltr
item
MOlympiad: [Shortlists & Solutions] Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad 2012
[Shortlists & Solutions] Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad 2012
MOlympiad
https://www.molympiad.xyz/2019/05/junior-balkan-mathematical-olympiad-shortlist-2012.html
https://www.molympiad.xyz/
https://www.molympiad.xyz/
https://www.molympiad.xyz/2019/05/junior-balkan-mathematical-olympiad-shortlist-2012.html
true
2506595080985176441
UTF-8
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS PREMIUM CONTENT IS LOCKED Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy