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[Shortlist] Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad 2000

  1. Prove that there are at least $666$ positive composite numbers with $2006$ digits, having a digit equal to $7$ and all the rest equal to $1$.
  2. Find all the positive perfect cubes that are not divisible by $10$ such that the number obtained by erasing the last three digits is also a perfect cube.
  3. Find the greatest positive integer $x$ such that $23^{6+x}$ divides $2000!$
  4. Find all the integers written as $\overline{abcd}$ in decimal representation and $\overline{dcba}$ in base $7$.
  5. Find all pairs of integers $(m,n)$ such that the numbers $$\begin{align*}A&=n^2+2mn+3m^2+2,\\ B&=2n^2+3mn+m^2+2,\\ C&=3n^2+mn+2m^2+1\end{align*}$$ have a common divisor greater than $1$.
  6. Find all four-digit numbers such that when decomposed into prime factors, each number has the sum of its prime factors equal to the sum of the exponents.
  7. Find all the pairs of positive integers $(m,n)$ such that the numbers $$\begin{align*}A&=n^2+2mn+3m^2+3n,\\ B&=2n^2+3mn+m^2,\\ C&=3n^2+mn+2m^2\end{align*}$$ are consecutive in some order.
  8. Find all positive integers $a$, $b$ for which $a^4+4b^4$ is a prime number.
  9. Find all the triples $(x,y,z)$ of positive integers such that $$xy+yz+zx-xyz=2.$$
  10. Prove that there are no integers $x,y,z$ such that \[x^4+y^4+z^4-2x^2y^2-2y^2z^2-2z^2x^2=2000 \]
  11. Prove that for any integer $n$ one can find integers $a$ and $b$ such that \[n=\left[ a\sqrt{2}\right]+\left[ b\sqrt{3}\right] \]
  12. Consider a sequence of positive integers $x_n$ such that $$x_{2n+1}=4x_n+2n+2,\, x_{3n+2}=3x_{n+1}+6x_n,\,\forall n\ge 0.$$ Prove that $$x_{3n-1}=x_{n+2}-2x_{n+1}+10x_n,\,\forall n\ge 0.$$
  13. Prove that \[ \sqrt{(1^k+2^k)(1^k+2^k+3^k)\ldots (1^k+2^k+\ldots +n^k)}\] \[ \ge 1^k+2^k+\ldots +n^k-\frac{2^{k-1}+2\cdot 3^{k-1}+\ldots + (n-1)\cdot n^{k-1}}{n}\] for all integers $n,k \ge 2$.
  14. Let $m$ and $n$ be positive integers with $m\le 2000$ and $k=3-\frac{m}{n}$. Find the smallest positive value of $k$.
  15. Let $x,y,a,b$ be positive real numbers such that $x\not= y$, $x\not= 2y$, $y\not= 2x$, $a\not=3b$ and $\dfrac{2x-y}{2y-x}=\frac{a+3b}{a-3b}$. Prove that $$\frac{x^2+y^2}{x^2-y^2}\ge 1.$$
  16. Find all the triples $(x,y,z)$ of real numbers such that \[2x\sqrt{y-1}+2y\sqrt{z-1}+2z\sqrt{x-1} \ge xy+yz+zx \]
  17. A triangle $ABC$ is given. Find all the pairs of points $X,Y$ so that $X$ is on the sides of the triangle, $Y$ is inside the triangle, and four non-intersecting segments $XY$, $AX$, $AY$, $BX$, $BY$, $CX$, $CY$ divide the triangle $ABC$ into four triangles with equal areas.
  18. A triangle $ABC$ is given. Find all the segments $XY$ that lie inside the triangle such that $XY$ and five of the segments $XA$, $XB$, $XC$, $YA$, $YB$, $YC$ divide the triangle $ABC$ into $5$ regions with equal areas. Furthermore, prove that all the segments $XY$ have a common point.
  19. Let $ABC$ be a triangle. Find all the triangles $XYZ$ with vertices inside triangle $ABC$ such that $XY$, $YZ$, $ZX$ and six non-intersecting segments from the following $AX$, $AY$, $AZ$, $BX$, $BY$, $BZ$, $CX$, $CY$, $CZ$ divide the triangle $ABC$ into seven regions with equal areas.
  20. Let $ABC$ be a triangle and let $a,b,c$ be the lengths of the sides $BC, CA, AB$ respectively. Consider a triangle $DEF$ with the side lengths $EF=\sqrt{au}$, $FD=\sqrt{bu}$, $DE=\sqrt{cu}$. Prove that $$\angle A >\angle B >\angle C \implies \angle A >\angle D >\angle E >\angle F >\angle C.$$
  21. All the angles of the hexagon $ABCDEF$ are equal. Prove that \[AB-DE=EF-BC=CD-FA \]
  22. Consider a quadrilateral with $$\angle DAB=60^{\circ},\quad \angle ABC=90^{\circ},\quad \angle BCD=120^{\circ}.$$ The diagonals $AC$ and $BD$ intersect at $M$. If $MB=1$ and $MD=2$, find the area of the quadrilateral $ABCD$.
  23. The point $P$ is inside of an equilateral triangle with side length $10$ so that the distance from $P$ to two of the sides are $1$ and $3$. Find the distance from $P$ to the third side.

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Ả-rập Xê-út,1,Abel,5,Albania,2,AMM,2,Amsterdam,5,Ấn Độ,1,An Giang,16,Andrew Wiles,1,Anh,2,Áo,1,APMO,19,Ba Đình,2,Ba Lan,1,Bà Rịa Vũng Tàu,47,Bắc Giang,45,Bắc Kạn,1,Bạc Liêu,8,Bắc Ninh,43,Bắc Trung Bộ,8,Bài Toán Hay,5,Balkan,37,Baltic Way,30,BAMO,1,Bất Đẳng Thức,66,Bến Tre,43,Benelux,13,Bình Định,39,Bình Dương,19,Bình Phước,37,Bình Thuận,30,Birch,1,Booklet,11,Bosnia Herzegovina,3,BoxMath,3,Brazil,2,Bùi Đắc Hiên,1,Bùi Thị Thiện Mỹ,1,Bùi Văn Tuyên,1,Bùi Xuân Diệu,1,Bulgaria,5,Buôn Ma Thuột,1,BxMO,12,Cà Mau,12,Cần Thơ,13,Canada,39,Cao Bằng,6,Cao Quang Minh,1,Câu Chuyện Toán Học,36,Caucasus,2,CGMO,10,China,10,Chọn Đội Tuyển,308,Chu Tuấn Anh,1,Chuyên Đề,122,Chuyên Sư Phạm,30,Chuyên Trần Hưng Đạo,3,Collection,8,College Mathematic,1,Concours,1,Cono Sur,1,Contest,603,Correspondence,1,Cosmin Poahata,1,Crux,2,Czech-Polish-Slovak,25,Đà Nẵng,39,Đa Thức,2,Đại Số,20,Đắk Lắk,51,Đắk Nông,5,Đan Phượng,1,Danube,7,Đào Thái Hiệp,1,ĐBSCL,2,Đề Thi HSG,1500,Đề Thi JMO,1,Điện Biên,7,Định Lý,1,Định Lý Beaty,1,Đỗ Hữu Đức Thịnh,1,Do Thái,3,Doãn Quang Tiến,4,Đoàn Quỳnh,1,Đoàn Văn Trung,1,Đống Đa,4,Đồng Nai,46,Đồng Tháp,50,Du Hiền Vinh,1,Đức,1,Duyên Hải Bắc Bộ,25,E-Book,31,EGMO,16,ELMO,19,EMC,8,Epsilon,1,Estonian,5,Euler,1,Evan Chen,1,Fermat,3,Finland,4,Forum Of Geometry,2,Furstenberg,1,G. Polya,3,Gặp Gỡ Toán Học,25,Gauss,1,GDTX,3,Geometry,12,Gia Lai,24,Gia Viễn,2,Giải Tích Hàm,1,Giảng Võ,1,Giới hạn,2,Goldbach,1,Hà Giang,2,Hà Lan,1,Hà Nam,25,Hà Nội,220,Hà Tĩnh,66,Hà Trung Kiên,1,Hải Dương,46,Hải Phòng,40,Hàn Quốc,5,Hậu Giang,4,Hậu Lộc,1,Hilbert,1,Hình Học,32,HKUST,6,Hòa Bình,12,Hoài Nhơn,1,Hoàng Bá Minh,1,Hoàng Minh Quân,1,Hodge,1,Hojoo Lee,2,HOMC,5,HongKong,7,HSG 10,91,HSG 11,78,HSG 12,523,HSG 9,373,HSG Cấp Trường,76,HSG Quốc Gia,97,HSG Quốc Tế,16,Hứa Lâm Phong,1,Hùng Vương,2,Hưng Yên,28,Hương Sơn,1,Huỳnh Kim Linh,1,Hy Lạp,1,IMC,24,IMO,51,India,45,Inequality,13,InMC,1,International,303,Iran,11,Jakob,1,JBMO,41,Jewish,1,Journal,20,Junior,38,K2pi,1,Kazakhstan,1,Khánh Hòa,14,KHTN,49,Kiên Giang,61,Kim Liên,1,Kon Tum,17,Korea,5,Kvant,2,Kỷ Yếu,42,Lai Châu,4,Lâm Đồng,31,Lạng Sơn,18,Langlands,1,Lào Cai,11,Lê Hoành Phò,4,Lê Khánh Sỹ,3,Lê Minh Cường,1,Lê Phúc Lữ,1,Lê Phương,1,Lê Quý Đôn,1,Lê Viết Hải,1,Lê Việt Hưng,1,Leibniz,1,Long An,41,Lớp 10,10,Lớp 10 Chuyên,430,Lớp 10 Không Chuyên,218,Lớp 11,1,Lục Ngạn,1,Lượng giác,1,Lương Tài,1,Lưu Giang Nam,2,Lý Thánh Tông,1,Macedonian,1,Malaysia,1,Margulis,2,Mark Levi,1,Mathematical Excalibur,1,Mathematical Reflections,1,Mathematics Magazine,1,Mathematics Today,1,Mathley,1,MathProblems Journal,1,Mathscope,8,MathsVN,5,MathVN,1,MEMO,10,Metropolises,4,Mexico,1,MIC,1,Michael Guillen,1,Mochizuki,1,Moldova,1,Moscow,1,Mỹ,9,MYM,74,MYTS,4,Nam Định,30,Nam Phi,1,National,249,Nesbitt,1,Newton,4,Nghệ An,48,Ngô Bảo Châu,2,Ngô Việt Hải,1,Ngọc Huyền,2,Nguyễn Anh Tuyến,1,Nguyễn Bá Đang,1,Nguyễn Đình Thi,1,Nguyễn Đức Tấn,1,Nguyễn Đức Thắng,1,Nguyễn Duy Khương,1,Nguyễn Duy Tùng,1,Nguyễn Hữu Điển,3,Nguyễn Mình Hà,1,Nguyễn Minh Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Phan Tài Vương,1,Nguyễn Phú Khánh,1,Nguyễn Phúc Tăng,1,Nguyễn Quản Bá Hồng,1,Nguyễn Quang Sơn,1,Nguyễn Tài Chung,5,Nguyễn Tăng Vũ,1,Nguyễn Tất Thu,1,Nguyễn Thúc Vũ Hoàng,1,Nguyễn Trung Tuấn,8,Nguyễn Tuấn Anh,2,Nguyễn Văn Huyện,3,Nguyễn Văn Mậu,25,Nguyễn Văn Nho,1,Nguyễn Văn Quý,2,Nguyễn Văn Thông,1,Nguyễn Việt Anh,1,Nguyễn Vũ Lương,2,Nhật Bản,3,Nhóm $\LaTeX$,4,Nhóm Toán,1,Ninh Bình,38,Ninh Thuận,14,Nội Suy Lagrange,2,Nội Suy Newton,1,Nordic,19,Olympiad Corner,1,Olympiad Preliminary,2,Olympic 10,94,Olympic 10/3,3,Olympic 11,86,Olympic 12,28,Olympic 24/3,6,Olympic 27/4,19,Olympic 30/4,65,Olympic KHTN,6,Olympic Sinh Viên,73,Olympic Tháng 4,10,Olympic Toán,292,Olympic Toán Sơ Cấp,3,PAMO,1,Phạm Đình Đồng,1,Phạm Đức Tài,1,Phạm Huy Hoàng,1,Pham Kim Hung,3,Phạm Quốc Sang,2,Phan Huy Khải,1,Phan Thành Nam,1,Pháp,2,Philippines,8,Phú Thọ,26,Phú Yên,24,Phùng Hồ Hải,1,Phương Trình Hàm,10,Phương Trình Pythagoras,1,Pi,1,Polish,32,Problems,1,PT-HPT,14,PTNK,41,Putnam,25,Quảng Bình,39,Quảng Nam,28,Quảng Ngãi,31,Quảng Ninh,41,Quảng Trị,23,Riemann,1,RMM,12,RMO,24,Romania,36,Romanian Mathematical,1,Russia,1,Sách Thường Thức Toán,7,Sách Toán,68,Sách Toán Cao Học,1,Sách Toán THCS,7,Saudi Arabia,7,Scholze,1,Serbia,17,Sharygin,22,Shortlists,55,Simon Singh,1,Singapore,1,Số Học - Tổ Hợp,27,Sóc Trăng,27,Sơn La,11,Spain,8,Star Education,3,Stars of Mathematics,11,Swinnerton-Dyer,1,Talent Search,1,Tăng Hải Tuân,2,Tạp Chí,14,Tập San,4,Tây Ban Nha,1,Tây Ninh,25,Thạch Hà,1,Thái Bình,37,Thái Nguyên,33,Thái Vân,2,Thanh Hóa,54,THCS,2,Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ,5,Thomas J. Mildorf,1,THPT Chuyên Lê Quý Đôn,1,THPTQG,15,THTT,7,Thừa Thiên Huế,34,Tiền Giang,18,Tin Tức Toán Học,1,Titu Andreescu,2,Toán 12,7,Toán Cao Cấp,3,Toán Chuyên,2,Toán Rời Rạc,5,Toán Tuổi Thơ,3,Tôn Ngọc Minh Quân,2,TOT,1,TP Hồ Chí Minh,112,Trà Vinh,5,Trắc Nghiệm,1,Trắc Nghiệm Toán,2,Trại Hè,33,Trại Hè Hùng Vương,24,Trại Hè Phương Nam,5,Trần Đăng Phúc,1,Trần Minh Hiền,2,Trần Nam Dũng,9,Trần Phương,1,Trần Quang Hùng,1,Trần Quốc Anh,2,Trần Quốc Luật,1,Trần Quốc Nghĩa,1,Trần Tiến Tự,1,Trịnh Đào Chiến,2,Trung Quốc,12,Trường Đông,17,Trường Hè,7,Trường Thu,1,Trường Xuân,2,TST,55,Tuyên Quang,6,Tuyển Sinh,3,Tuyển Tập,44,Tuymaada,4,Undergraduate,64,USA,44,USAJMO,10,USATST,7,Uzbekistan,1,Vasile Cîrtoaje,4,Vật Lý,1,Viện Toán Học,1,Vietnam,4,Viktor Prasolov,1,VIMF,1,Vinh,26,Vĩnh Long,18,Vĩnh Phúc,58,Virginia Tech,1,VLTT,1,VMEO,4,VMF,12,VMO,42,VNTST,20,Võ Anh Khoa,1,Võ Quốc Bá Cẩn,25,Võ Thành Văn,1,Vojtěch Jarník,6,Vũ Hữu Bình,7,Vương Trung Dũng,1,WFNMC Journal,1,Wiles,1,Yên Bái,16,Yên Định,1,Yên Thành,1,Zhautykov,11,Zhou Yuan Zhe,1,
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MOlympiad: [Shortlist] Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad 2000
[Shortlist] Junior Balkan Mathematical Olympiad 2000
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